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2008年7月12日  

2008-07-12 10:33:37|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit2 Language points

Unit 2

New words:

1. in the name of … 名义,代表…,看在

 The police arrested him in the name of the law.

 by the name of 名叫。。。的

  a boy by the name of David

  in name only 名义上

   He was a ruler in name only.

2. equip equipped

  equipment [u]

  equip …with

  be well equipped with

  The soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons.

3.puzzle

    puzzle sb.

    sb. be puzzled about

sth. be puzzling

  1) I felt ____( puzzled, puzzling) and upset.

  2) His face wore a ____ (puzzled, puzzling) expression.

  3)The situation was more ____ (puzzled, puzzling) than ever.

  4)With a ____(puzzled, puzzling) glance at him, I can’t follow him.

4. exchange…with sb. 与某人交换 

  exchange…for   交换,与兑换

  in exchange for 交换,调换

 Shall I exchange seats with you?

 I’ve just bought this tie, but can I exchange it for that one?

 Can I exchange pounds for dollars here?

  I gave her a sweater in exchange for a skirt. 

He is giving her French lessons in exchange for his English lessons.(物物交换)

5. command = order

  command  sb. to do

            that  (should ) do

 1)请求:request

         demand

         require

         ask

       beg

 2)建议:advise   propose  advice  proposal  suggestion

          suggest

 3) 命令:order   n. order

          command

 4) 坚持:insist

  under the command of

6.set sail (to/ from/ for…)

7. in return   adv. 作为回报/报答地 (for+n.)

  If you give me your photo, I’ll give you mine in return.

  He didn’t expect anything in return for his help.

8. bring up 1) educate

  compare: bring up children

          raise children/ a family/ horses

  2) bring up the question

    come up 被提出 Your question came up at the meeting.

    put sth/ sb forward  Are you serious in putting forward such a view?

9. accomplish = succeed in doing; achieve做成功,完成,实现(后面往往

不接具体事务)

  We tried to arrange a peace but accomplished nothing.

     我们试图调停以求和平,但是没有成功。

  She’s accomplished a great deal in the last few weeks.

  A lazy man can never accomplish anything.

  achieve 完成伟大功业

  complete 使完满

  finish 强调事物的终结

10. Apart from the cold, thin air and low oxygen levels can cause mountain sickness.(para.2)

   apart from  1).撇开。。。来说,除以外(=except for后接的宾语一般与句子所涉及的东西不同类。)

  Your composition is good except for some spelling mistakes.

  Except for old lady, the bus was empty.

Apart from a few faults, he is a good student.

 除了两三个缺点外,他是个好学生。

A part from a few words, I do not know any French at all.

Apart from his nose, he is good- looking.

Apart from the salary, it’s not a bad job.

2)此外,除此。。。而外(还有。。。)= besidesas well as, in addition to

Apart from being too large, the trousers don’t suit me.

Apart from me, there were ten other people at the meeting.

   All students like music apart from Tom.(except) 

  3except, but, other than

   There is nobody here other than me.

   You can’t get there other than by car.

11. refer to 1)参阅;查阅

A person refers to a dictionary to find the meaning of the words.

2)指的是

I knew the lady was referring to Bill when she spoke of a bright young boy.

3) 把。。。称作 refer to … as

Don’t refer to your sister as a silly cow!

to 为介词的动词短语:

look forward to   期盼;期望     

refer to       提到;谈到

pay attention to    注意             

stick to       坚持

draw one’s attention to  注意              

object to    反对

contribute to    做贡献  

belong to    属于

be used to    习惯于          

take to       开始从事于

get close to    接近于         

 see to         负责;注意

devote … to    致力于       

go down to 开始做

12.1)praise sb. for

We praise him for his courage.

  2)in praise (of) [u]

    It is a book in praise of country life.

    sing high praise for = speak highly of

   

基础巩固:

1. It’s impossible to______ these results without knowing more about the research methods employed.

A. value     B. evaluate   C. absorb    D. benefit

2. In old movies, the police shouted “Open up _____ the law” before they broke the door down.

A. in the name of     B. at the mercy of    C. by the name of     

D. regardless of

3. We hope to become more ____ in predicting earthquakes.

  A. absolute    B. steady     C. ideal     D. accurate

4. I’d like to do something for you ____ everything you have done for me.

  A. in exchange  B. in return  C. in return for  D. in terms of来说

5. ____ you and me, I don’t think there was anyone here under thirty..

  A. Including   B. Beside   C. In addition    D. Apart from

6. Since I left my job, I feel as if I’ve _____ nothing.

  A. established  B. accomplished  C. abolished  D. guaranteed

7. She was found several hours later, _____the streets, _____.

  A. wandering; losing   B. wandered; losing   C. wandering; lost  

D. wandered; lost

 

Reading:

1.1) sb take/get/gain possession of… 占为己有, 占领,夺取

    sb be in possession of sth

    Don’t take possession of the wallet, though you picked it up in the street.

   2) sth be in the possession of sb  (某物)为(某 人)所有

The rare stamp is in the possession of an unknown collector.

eg. You can’t ___it, which belongs to her.

 A. take the possession of     B. take possession of

 C. take charge of           D. take the place of

2.masses of [c,u]

  masses of fuel

  masses of people

3. be rich / poor in

  be clever at

  be well off

4. do research on

  carry out a research into/ for

  They are carrying a research into / for the causes of cancer.

  make researches

  research into/ on

  They are researching into the causes of cancer.

5.be equipped with

  be lined with

    The street is lined with green trees.

  be crowded with

    The waiting room is crowded with passengers waiting for the bus to come.

  be packed with

The stadium was packed with football fans, watching the exciting game.

  be marked with

All the books are marked with different numbers.

  be furnished with

The living-room is furnished with modern chairs from Denmark.

  be decorate with

    The great hall was decorated with flowers.

6. form the foundation of 成为。。。的基础

  lay the foundation of  打下。。。的基础

  The workers are laying the foundation of the hospital.

7. 1)in search of

in a / the / one’s search for

He immigrated to Brazil in search of a better life.

2)search sb. for sth.

    search (a place) for sb./sth.

    search for sb./sth.

I have been searching for the same kind of shoes as these.

  3)look for

search for

hunt for

in search of

try to find

seek for

look out for

.Many policemen and soldiers are ___ the forest ___ the prisoner escaping from prison.

    A. searching for; searching     B. searching; searching

    C. searching; in search of      D. in search for; searching for

.The policemen are searching ___every house ___the thief.

    A. for; for    B .of ; of     C. /; for    D. of ; for

8. long before     

  before long  

1There was a lively market long before.(很久以前)

2Before long you will understand what I said is good for you.=soon

3I had waited him long before he came.(在他回来之前我已等他很久)

4) It won’t be long before you see him again. 不久你就会看到他了.

5) It was long before they escaped from the cruel prison.

过了很久,他们才从监狱逃跑出来

6) It ___long before we ___the result of the experiment.

  1. will not be ; will know     B. is ; will know

C. will not be; know          D. is ; know

9. 1) ___ is well known that the earth is round.

  A. As  B. It  C. There  D. That

  2)___ is known, the earth is round.  A. As  B. It  C. There  D. That

10. contact              n. 接触;交往;联系

   have contacts with        ……有联系

   get in contact / touch with ……取得联系

   keep in contact / touch with ……保持联系

   be out of contact / touch with ……失去联系

11.develop into 发展成

  grow into

  develop a friendship with sb. 建立友谊

  make friends with

12. be taken prisoner 被俘

   He was taken prisoner by the enemy.

   put sb. in prison

   send sb. to prison

   throw sb. into prison

13.make a voyage/ journey/ trip

  go on a voyage/ journey/ trip

14. 1) run out 某物用完(无被动,主语为物)

    Our food will soon run out.

    Time is running out.

   2). run out of  某人用完(主语为人)

    We are running out of fuel.

  eg. She has___ the money saved by her mother, which ___ in a bank for her education.

    A. ran out of; had put       B. run out; have put

    C. run out of ; was put      D. run off; was put 

15. As it was dark and they were unable to take photo to prove that they had reached the top.  (last para.)

1) prove  vt.”证明,证实

 prove  sth

        sb/ sth to be

        that

  It has been proved that…

    She tried to prove her honesty.

    The fact proved him (to be ) wrong.

    The police proved that he was the murderer.   

2) link. v.  证明是;证实是;结果是(无被动)+to be

    The news of their coming proved (to be) true.

    The weather forecast proved accurate on the next  day.    

Premier Zhou ___to be unforgettable in the hearts of the Chinese people.

     A. proved   B. regarded    C. thought   D. considered

   To everybody’s surprise, the fashionable young lady ___to be a thief.

     A. found out   B. proved out   C. put out   D. turned out

 

1.evaluate: value of sb/sth; assess评价,估计

evaluate one’s ability /work/study

n. evaluation 评价,评估

2.take possession of 占领,占有

  in possession of 某人占有,拥有

in the possession of 某事/某人为某人占有

eg.They are in possession of the house.

The house is in the possession of them.

3.in the name of sb/sth 的名义,代表

 by the name of 名叫-----

 under the name of -----的名字(不是本名)

in the name of the law.代表法律

eg. She goes by the name of Mary. 大家都叫她玛利

   He wrote under the name of LuXun.他以鲁迅这个名字发表作品。

4.origin 根源,起源 出身

 a man of noble origin.贵族出身的人

by origin  籍贯  nationality

eg. Her mother is French by origin.她的母亲是法国人。

adj. original  原始的,新颖的

the original  原著

5.risk one’s life/health to do sth冒丧失生命,健康之险做某事

Eg:He risked his life to save a drowning girl.

risk doing sth 冒险做某事

Eg:He risked getting caught in the rain and insisted on walking.

6.be equipped with 装备,配备

Eg: The soldiers are equipped with weapons.

n. equipment  设备,装备(不可数名词) 

7.wander ( 常与about /in/ through连用)

Eg.The children wandered in the woods. 漫步

The river wanders through beautiful country. 蜿蜒流过

   They wandered up and down the road aimlessly. 信步来回溜达

His mind wandered back to his college life. 思绪联想到,回到

8. command

. Command sb to do命令某人做某事

The officer commanded his men to fire.指挥官命令他的人开火。

. Command that sb (should) do从句用虚拟语气

 He commanded that everyone make the best of the chance of senior three.

 他要求每个人都充分利用高三这个机会。

.The army is under the command of general Washington.在某人的指挥下

.Bill is in command of the fleet.比尔指挥这个舰队。

9.reach out (to sb/sth )= reach for sth=stretch out 伸手以拿到、抓到某物

Eg.He reached for his dictionary.他伸手去拿字典。

  We must reach out to those in need.我们应该伸出援助之手,帮助需要帮助的人。

10.in exchange for 交换,调换

eg. He’s giving her French lessons in exchange for her teaching him English.

exchange   v.交换,互换

exchange A for B A交换B

exchange sth with sb 同某人交换某物

eg. Ali exchanged seats with Ben .

11.contact

n. 接触,联系 be in contact with…----有联系

eg. They have been in contact with each other for 5 years.

She came into contact with many people.她慢慢和很多人有了联系。

make /lose contact with/失去联系

v. 联系,接触

eg. When can I contact you tomorrow?

12. set sail to/for/from begin a voyage 起航

set sail to/for New York.起航去纽约

set sail from Shanghai从上海起航

13. in return (for sth) 作为(对某物)的回报

eg. I bought him a drink in return for his help.

我请他喝酒以酬谢他的帮助。

in turn 依次,轮流,反过来

eg. Please come into the room in turn.依次

   We clean the classroom in turn.轮流

   Theory comes from practice, and serves practice in turn.反过来

14.accomplish vt.

完成,实现,达到

They have accomplished their mission successfully. 他们成功地完成了任务。

走完,度过

She has accomplished 95 years of her life. 她已达九十五高龄。

15.Apart from the cold, thin air and low …= besides

apart from = except for/ besides..之外,且莫说

Apart from the cost, the shirt doesn’t fit me. 且莫说价格,这衬衫就不适合我

16.adjust… to …调节/适应

Eg.You can adjust the seat to the height of a person

She adjusted herself quickly to the heat of the country.

17.run out of 用尽,用完 多用于完成时和进行时,其主语一般是人

run out 不可用作被动语态,其主语一般是物

eg.We have run out of coal and have to burn wood.

My patience has completely run out.我的耐力完全没有了。

give out 用完,耗尽,筋疲力尽

18.refer to + n./v-ing 提到,涉及,参  

eg. I wasn’t referring to you , when I said some people were selfish.

refer to the text   参照书本

refer to …as = think of … as  称某人/ 

eg. We all refer to John as our good friend.我们都把约翰看成是我们的好朋友

n. reference. 参考文献,    参照,提及

19.praise  n.  1). 赞扬,称赞[U]

   Eg.I'm sure I don't deserve so much praise.我肯定自己不值得这么多赞扬。

2). 赞美的话,赞词[P][(+of)]

The praises of his friends made the boy feel very proud

vt.1). 赞美,表扬;歌颂[(+for)]

The publishers praised his novel pretty highly.出版商们对他的小说评价甚高。

The mayor praised the boy for his courage. 市长赞扬这个男孩很勇敢。

20.arise (arose, arisen)vi.

. 升起,上升A heavy mist arose from the lake.湖面起了浓雾。

. 产生,出现,形成[(+from/out of)]

Unexpected difficulties arose in the course of their experiment.

   在他们进行实验的过程中,出现了意想不到的困难。

Between the copartners serious disagreements arose.

合伙人之间产生了严重分歧。

一.单词填空

1.As they lacked experience of how to teach the disabled children, the problems a_______ one after another.

2.What p_______ the villagers most was that the footmarks in the snow were much larger than a human being’s.

3.Up to now , there has been no e_________ to prove that he has sth to do with the theft

4. Before the final exam, the teacher told all the students to e_________ themselves with sharp pencils, pens, rules, and rubbers.

5.A_______(各种各样的)of out-of-class activities are organized in that school for the purpose of building up students’ characters and forming their collective senses.

6. The Tongbai Mountain area is the ________(源头)of the Huai River.

7.Anyway ,your__________(估计)of his potential turned out to be a failure. Now, he has become one of the best on our basketball team.

8. He quarreled with his wife and left his home. He did nothing but ________(游荡)in the street.

9. He says that he will work as a _________(志愿者)when the 29th Olympic Games are held in Beijing.

二..根据汉语提示完成下列句子。

1.We _______________ typing paper.(已经用完)

2.They were out of breath as their strength _________(用尽).

3.Every classroom__________________(装配)modern teaching equipment in our school.

4.He decided to _______(起航)for Qingdao last night.

5.The area __________(富含)a lot of coal.

6.We must ___________________ (占领) the enemy stronghold before dark.

7. ___________(除了)watching TV, he doesn’t have any hobby.

8.He _____________(冒着生命危险)to try to put out the fire, but he failed.

9.In the drama, she _________(饰演)a sleeping beauty.

10.We all________________(称他为) a good boss.

. 选择题

1. it’s impossible to_____ these results without knowing more about the research methods employed.

A. value   B. evaluate   C. absorb   D. benefit

2. In old movies, the police shouted “Open up ____ the law” before they broke the door down.

A. in the name of        B. at the mercy of     C. by the name of       D. regardless of

3.We hope to become more_____ in predicting earthquakes.

A. absolute   B. steady   C. ideal    D. accurate

4. I’d like to do sth for you _____ everything you’ve done for me.

  1. in exchange     B. in turn    C. in return for        D. in terms of

5._____ you and me, I don’t think there was anyone there under thirty.

  1. Including        B. Beside    C. In addition       D. Apart from

6. Since I left my job, I feel as if I’ve_____nothing.

  1. established      B. accomplished   C. abolished     D. guaranteed

7. Should the opportunity_____, I’d love to go to Paris.

A. rise       B. raise      C. arise      D. happen

8.I warned them not to do it, but my objections were______.

  1. set sail         B. set about    C. set aside         D. set down

9.After Xiao Li arrived in London, she found it was far more difficult to _____ living on her own.

  1. rely on           B. adjust to   C. bring up            D. look into

10.After the dinner party, out guests all praised the meal as the best _____they had had for years.

A. that        B. which        C. what        D. whose

11. Captain Cook commanded his men _____ into the sea.

  1. jump          B. jumped     C.  had jumped         D. would jump

12. -- Have you been in _____ with Andrew    recently. 

      -- Only by telephone.                                                                     

  1. communication        B. contact   C. connection           D. link

13. She was found several hours later, _____ the street, _____.

  1. wandering; losing       B. wandered; losing

C. wandering; lost          D. wandered; lost

14. The pilot and several passengers were ____ by the gunmen for 20 hours.

  1. keeping prisoner          B. taking prisoner

C. Held prisoners              D. taken prisoner

 

 

 

Key:  

一.    1. arose, 2. puzzled, 3. evidence, 4. equip, 5. variety , 6. origin , 7. evaluation

8. wander, 9. volunteer

  二.1. have run out of    2. ran out    3. is equipped with   4. set sail   5. is rich in

      6. take possession of     7. Apart from   8. risked his life

 三. B A D C D ;  B C C B A ;  A B CD

 

 

 

 

 

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